Causes of complex phobias
As these phobias are complex so the causes are. There is no final conclusion about the causes of such phobias. It is still a mystery and scientist fails to explain about how they appear.
According to the researchers the complex phobias like the agora phobia or social phobia caused by the multiple reasons. In these types of phobia genetics, brain chemistry and the proficiencies in life all are involved making it more difficult to determine the cause and its treatment.
Science behind phobia or neurobiology
Phobia is an irrational phenomena or the reaction of brain to some stimulus in greater proportion. There are some areas in the human brain named as prefrontal cortex, medial cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. These areas stores memories and recall conceivably precarious and fatal events. If a person experiences some dangerous situation it will store in his brain as a harsh memory. If the similar events or situations happened in the future life, those brain areas retrieve the same memory making your body to react in an irrational way. In some cases the sufferer feels that the event is repeating itself many times.
Neuroscience says that the phobias are linked to the amygdala. It lies behind the pituitary glands and triggers the glands to release hormones that put mind and body in the high alert or fight state making you panic for the situation.
Some common symptoms for the majority of phobias are given as under
A panic attack or the intense anxiety is the main symptom of phobia. A person suffering from phobia when exposed to the source of fear behaves irrationally making it unable to behave normally. A panic attack includes following situations
- Irregular breathing and faster heart beat
- Chest pain and tightness
- Choking sensation
- Hot flushes or chills
- Dry mouth and throat
- Pins and needles